Krafla volcanic fields

Krafla volcanic fields

Viti crater lake and geotermal power station Krafla area from drone/ To the north of Hverarond stretches unusual volcanic Krafla area, it has the craters of volcanoes Krafla and Viti. It's definitely one of the places that you must see. Area of land still rises and falls of several centimeters. This is due to the continuous flow of magma through underground chamber. The whole area is very active, volcanologists believe that at any moment can happen here eruption. Therefore, caution should be exercised. The name comes from the volcanic area located on its premises Krafla volcano with a height of 818 m above the sea level You can see a lot of smoldering crevices, and with a little Szczeci also small eruptions. Undoubtedly, attention is focused on lava field Leirgjukur a particularly wide 320 m Viti crater filled with water in a dark blue color, summer is painted in beautiful colors. What is interesting in Icelandic Viti means a hell comes from pagan beliefs supposedly diabolical habitat was under the volcano. The crater Stora Viti was established in May 1724, during the eruption Myvatnseldar ( "fires Myvatn"), was the biggest series of eruptions and earthquakes in the history of Iceland. The huge mass of volcanic ash covered the entire adjacent area. In 1,725 years there was ie. An explosion slot, when the outbreak of the resulting cracks surfaced five streams of lava. One of them came to Lake Myvatn. Heated flowing magma destroying everything in its path, except for the church in Reykjahlik, who miraculously survived the disaster. A series of earthquakes and explosions, lasted for five years until 1729. Over the next 250 years Krafla rested. Magma shedding beneath the earth's surface heats the crust so hard that it is an inexhaustible source of energy. Naturally, Icelanders decided to take advantage of this fact building a geothermal power plant. Drilling started in 1973. Had a depth of up to 2 kilometers, and all to accompany the hot steam from the magma chambers to built power plant. Enraged drilling work Krafla in the same year, December 20, decided to show its unpredictability. Fires Krafli "(Kröflueldar) of the night" fireworks "which was accompanied by a flow of molten lava, followed by a strong earthquake at the same time opening up to three hundred meters gap which immediately appeared magma, it began another series of explosions similar to those of 1,724 years. This time, the series lasted nearly a decade, spilling up to nine streams of lava, which, however, did not threaten the construction of the power plant. "Freed nearly a quarter of a cubic kilometer of lava, which covered an area of over 30 km2. Flames shot here in 1980, and even 1984 years. Walk the Krafla area is permitted only delineated trails. Avoid lighter areas around the mesh mud, snow caps and jagged fragments of lava. Visiting this place can be seen protruding from the ground pipe. They belong to the geothermal power plant Leirbotn.// Visit and check my channel to see more of the most beautiful places on our planet: Feel free to embed on your website any video from this channel via the YouTube player, for commercial or non-commercial use (no need to ask for permission). The videos in the channel are licensed/shared under the Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. You can use parts of the videos (except for the music and intro) for non-commercial purposes, given that you provide proper attribution to this YT channel. Footage and videos can be licensed out by contacting us, we have more aerial and ground shots.

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