Τρικάλων Ταξίδι με drone
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The city of Trikala is built on the ancient city of Trikka or Trikki, which was founded around the 3rd millennium BC. and was named by the nymph Tricky, the daughter of Penius or other Asopos river. The city was an important center of antiquity, as Asklipios lived and acted here, now an emblem of the Municipality of Trikkaion, who was also the king of the city. In the area, there was one of the most important and ancient Asclepius of the time. The city is also alleged to be part of the Trojan War on the side of the Greeks, based on the "Nine List" in Homer's Iliad, with thirty ships and chiefs of the doctors' sons, Asclepius
Machan and Podalierio. The city was the capital of the kingdom during the Mycenaean era and later became the center of the state of Estiaiotis, which occupied approximately the present area of the prefecture of Trikala and was described by geographer Straboa.
Historically, the city of Trikkis and the surrounding area of the river experienced
growth. He fell into the hands of the Persians in 480 BC, and about ten years later he joined the Monetary Union of Thessaly. In 352 BC. was joined with Macedonia by Philip II. It became a theater of hard fighting between the Macedonians and the Romans, during the invasion of the latter in Greece, as Philip E and his son Perseus tried to keep her free, without success after 168 BC. was conquered.
View of the city
Subsequently the city and the area formed part of Byzantium. The first centuries after Christ
, the city and the region experienced all the then invaders in the Balkans: the Goths (396), the Huns (447), the Slavs (577), the Bulgars (976-1025), the Normans (1081), the Catalans 1311) and from 1204 the Franks, while he returned to the Byzantine Empire and the Despotate of Epirus. At the beginning of the millennium the city was first presented with its present name, Trikala, in Alexandria of Anna Komnene. The city was eventually conquered by the Ottomans in 1395 and became an important
hut-house, with well-known woolen and leather products. It became the capital of Sandakio of Trikala, a large region that included Thessaly and a part of Central Greece, from the beginning of the Ottoman domination until 1770. It also constituted an important spiritual center, since for much of the Ottoman occupation (1543-1854) it worked here the School of Trikkis (and later Greek School), where taught teachers of the time, such as Dionysius the Philosopher, taught. In 1601 Metropolitan of Larissa and Trikala, Dionysios the Philosopher, declared the revolution against the Turks, with the slogan "Trikis Byzantium regained", but it failed.
On August 23, 1881, with the Treaty of Constantinople, the city passed into Greek
domination with most of the rest of Thessaly and part of Epirus. He will be reunited under Turkish domination with the Greek-Turkish War of 1897 for a year, until its final integration into Greece (1898). Trikala then played a key role in the early 20th century agricultural mobilizations against the landlords and was the site of the first agricultural cooperative in Greece in 1906.
One of the most significant and major disasters suffered by the city was the great flood of June 1907, when at night on June 3 after unprecedented rainfall, "with the heart" in the local expression, all the surrounding rivers were overflowing, Lethaios , Ammoniotis
, Koumerkis and Salamrias, and consequently the following morning the plain had been turned into a huge pond. In that flood, 80 residents died, about 200 homes collapsed, and high school, and thousands of animals drowned. The other disasters were enormous as traffic was interrupted as the railroad had been swept away.
During the period of the National Resistance during the occupation, Trikala was a special field of action. From Trikala came the ELAS General Stefanos Sarafis. In Trikala, the head of Aris Velouchiotis was also exposed in public view after his death. The city was liberated from the Nazi occupation on October 18, 1944.
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